Joni Widjayanto, Deni Dadang, Priyanto Priyanto, Lukman Yudho Prakoso, Helda Risman, Muhammad Ikmal Setiadi


The dynamics of strategic environmental development have created a complex spectrum of threats, challenges and risks, the development of the strategic environment always brings changes to the complexity of threats and challenges to the defense of the State. Threat predictions that arise at any time can be categorized into three types of threats, namely military threats, nonmilitary threats, and hybrid threats. The establishment of the Reserve Component is considered not including the priority agenda and even shows irregularities in determining the priorities of the security sector reform agenda. If the government has the goal to strengthen the defense sector to be more professional, strong and modern, then the development of the main component, the Indonesian National Army (TNI), should be a priority agenda and need to be put forward by the government. The research will address what is seen as necessary by building universal people's defense and security systems in the face of military, non-military and hybrid threats. Based on the type of research, this research is included in case study research, while based on purpose, this research is a policy reserach, case study research is a study conducted intensively, detailed and in-depth on a particular organization, institution or symptom. Various national development activities carried out by the government to achieve the objectives contained in the Opening of the 1945 Constitution, namely protecting all Indonesians in the Universal People's Defense and Security System (Sishankamrata) are carried out in an integrated and sustainable manner in accordance with the priorities and needs of the country set through short-term and long-term national development programs. Implementation of spare components in support of the universal people's defense system in the 21st century. The reserve component is mandatory to be established in Indonesia as part of Indonesia's defense force, especially in the face of aght that is non-military.


Threats, Reserve Components, Defense, Sishankamrata, Indonesian National Army.

Full Text:



Asmara, C. G. (2021). Ngeri Banget! Ini Sederet Hal yang Ancam Pertahanan RI. CNBC Indonesia.

Badriyanto. (2018). 7 Serangan Teroris di Indonesia Tiga Tahun Terakhir, Nomor 5 Diwarnai “Drama.” Okezone News.

Cohen, E. A., & Katzenstein, P. J. (1997). Cultural Norms and National Security: Police and Military in Postwar Japan. In Foreign Affairs (Vol. 76, Issue 4). Cornell University Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/20048141

Dipua, A., Harahap, N., Puspitawati, D., Aminuddin, F., & Yudho Prakoso, L. (2021). Sea Defense Strategy the Indonesian Navy in Dealing with the South China Sea Conflict. Italienisch, 11(2), 120–126.

Lebo, D., Pramono, B., Prakoso, L. Y., Risman, H., & Suhirwan, S. (2021). The Total War Strategy through Optimizing the Understanding of Pancasila Values in the Millenial Era. Journal of Social and Political Sciences, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.31014/aior.1991.04.02.273

Maulana, R. (2021). Gelar Rapim, Prabowo Beberkan 9 Kebijakan Pertahanan di Tahun 2021 : Okezone Nasional. Okezone Nasional.

Morgenthau, H. J. (2010). Politik Antar Bangsa. Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Prakoso, L. Y. (2021a). Defense Public Policy in the Handling People Smuggling in Batam Waters, Indonesia. Degres, 20(2), 167–174.

Prakoso, L. Y. (2021b). Implementation of Defense Policy Against Threats for Securing International Shipping Lanes in the Sunda Strait. Journal of Social and Political Sciences, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.31014/aior.1991.04.01.263

Prakoso, L. Y., Salim, G., Ransangan, J., Subhilhar, Indarjo, A., & Yusriadi, Y. (2021). Implementation of the Défense Public Policy Defend the State in Indonesian Universities. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, 20(Special Issue 2), 1–8.

Prakoso, L. Y., & Suhirwan. (2021). Defense Strategy Policy through Revitalization of East Surabaya Shipping Lanes. Italienisch, 11(2), 249–263.

Prakoso, L. Y., Suhirwan, prihantoro, K., Legionosuko, T., Rianto, Salim, G., & Yusriadi, Y. (2021). Analysis Public Policy Of Defence Strategy. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, 24(Special Issue 1), 1–9.

Pramono, B., & Prakoso, L. Y. (2021). Political Policy for the Papuan Issue in the Context of National Defense. Italenisch, 11(2), 271–275. http://italienisch.nl/index.php/VerlagSauerlander/article/view/118

Prihantoro, K., Prakoso, L. Y., Suhirwan, S., & Kusmiati, M. (2021). Metode SWOT AHP dalam Merencanakan Strategi Pertahanan. In CV. Aksara Global Akademia.

Safitri, I. K. (2017). Penyelundupan 1 Ton Sabu, Polisi: AS Survei di Anyer Sejak 2016. Tempo.Co.

Smartcity. (2021). https://smartcity.patikab.go.id/index.php/data_berita/detail/berita_online/9940.

Sohuturon, M. (2018). Gagalnya Penyelundupan 1,6 Ton Sabu Usai Operasi 1,5 Bulan. CNN Indonesia.

Suhirwan, Lukman Yudho Prakoso, A. G. D. (2021). National Defense Policy by Strengthening Defense Strategy: Study of the Development of a Naval Air Base in Bengkulu. Italienisch, 11(2).

Yanwardhana, E. (2021). Bill Gates Ramal Masa Depan Setelah Pandemi, Bikin Merinding! CNBC Indonesia.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33758/mbi.v16i1.1274


  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1978-3787 (print) | 2615-3505( online)
Published by BINA PATRIA | Email: laloemipa@gmail.com

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats